The plant Kalonji or Nigella sativa is an annual flowering plant, native to south west Asia and cultivated in countries like Middle Eastern Mediterranean region, South Europe, Syria, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, India. The above plant is a small annual herb distributed all over India.
In the Indian system of medicine, the seeds are used as astringent, bitter, stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, anthelmintic, jaundice, intermittent fever, dyspepsia, paralysis, piles and skin diseases and many more.
Family : Ranunculaceae
Species: N. sativa
Synonym: black cumin, kalejire.
It consists of seeds of Nigella sativa
Family : ranunculaceae
Seeds are flattened,
size 0.2 an long and 0.1 cm wide,
black in colour, slight aromatic odour and bitter in taste.
T.S. of seed shows single layer of thick-walled epidermis covered by cuticle containing reddish-brown content. Epidermis is followed by two to four layers of tangentially elongated, parenchymatous cells. Under this parenchyma cell, few layer of cells with reddish brown pigments are seen; endosperm is composed of thick-walled, rectangular to polygonal cells, with oil globules; embryo is embedded in endosperm.
The seeds contain numerous esters of structurally unusual unsaturated fatty acids with terpene alcohols; furthermore, traces of alkaloids are found which belong to two different types: isochinoline alkaloids are represented by nigellimin and nigellimin-N-oxide, and pyrazol alkaloids include nigellidin and nigellicin. The essential oil contains thymoquinone (50%) besides p-cymene (40%), a-pinene (up to 15%), dithymoquinone and thymohydroquinone. Other terpene derivatives are found only in trace amounts: carvacrol, carvone, limonene, 4-terpineol and citronellol. The drug also contains resin, saponin and tannin.
It is mainly used in
Use the oil is to simply take up to a teaspoon at a timeorally twice per day.
Cough & colds
Mix 1/2 teaspoon of Kalonji oil and 2 teaspoons of honey in 1 cup of warm water and consume it 2 times daily in order to prevent and cure cough and cold and it is also beneficial for those suffering from sinus.
Bronchitis, fevers, flu, asthma
1 teaspoon of honey mixed with 1/2 teaspoon of Kalonji oil in a cup of warm water and drink this decoction every day before having breakfast and after having dinner. Continue this treatment for 2 months with caution to avoid cold foods and beverages during this treatment.
It also possesses anti-inflammatory activity
Kalonji seed and Kalonji oil can relieve joint pain caused by arthritis.
1 teaspoon of Kalonji oil and 2 teaspoon of honey in 1 cup of vinegar and apply this mixture on the joints 2 times a day to relieve joint pain, soreness, stiffness of joints and swelling. This mixture can also be used to treat neck pain and back pain.
Just add 1/2 teaspoon of Kalonji oil in a cup of any hot drink like tea or coffee and drink it 2 times a day. You can also consume 2 cloves of garlic daily in order to enhance the effectiveness of this treatment. You should also follow a balanced diet chart along with this remedy to keep hypertension under control.
Hypolipidemic activities/ weight loss.
Kalonji oil for weight loss by mixing 1/2 teaspoon of the oil and 2 teaspoons of honey in 1 cup of lukewarm water and consuming it 3 times a day. It helps to boost the fat burning procedure by speeding up metabolism.
Kalonji oil is a wonderful remedy for cracked heels that works as good as a natural foot soak for cracked heels