Kidney stones in human



Kidney stones are the hard deposits that form in the kidneys. These stones have to travel through the urinary tract to exit the body. This is known as passing a kidney stone and can be very painful. But unfortunately, the people who have experienced kidney stones are more likely to get them again.


          Kidney stones is not a stone, that this is formed by the minerals which are excess in our body. Kidney stones are in a size of very small like crystals of sugar but it affects the person more severely. Kidney stone is nothing but a lump of minerals that are formed by accumulation.

                Kidney stones develop when certain substances such as calcium oxalate and uric acid become concentrated enough to form crystals in your kidneys.The smaller stones are usually not a problem, but the larger stones might cause a blockage in the part of urinary system and can lead to severe pain, vomiting and blood in urine. When these stones pass down the ureter toward the bladder they may cause frequent urination, bladder pressure or pain in groin.

How kidney stones are formed?

  • No single cause of formation of kidney stones, there are several factors which they are caused.
  • But the major one of the cause is that the urine contains more crystal forming substances like calcium oxalate and uric acid.
  • These substances are present more than the maximum content then the urine cannot dilute them and it cannot pass through urine, since the dilution does not occurs, then it forms the crystal due to accumulation, then it causes the crystal which we called as kidney stones.
  • The formation of kidney stones are of different types :-

Kidney stones in human

They are :-  1) Uric acid

                       2) Cystine stones

                       3) Calcium stones

                      4) Struvite stones

Calcium stones :- Calcium stones are formed due to high level of calcium content present in the urine, the calcium singly does not form crystal, it binds with other elements, based upon the binding of it, These are divided into two types :- 

  1) Calcium oxalate crystals

  2) Calcium phosphate crystals

  • The major kidney stone type is of calcium oxalate, it is a compound which is majorly synthesize by the liver and it also present in fruit, vegetables and even high oxalate content present in the chocolates.
  • The calcium oxalate crystals also formed due to the dietary factors, and vitamin D content excessive in diet and the patient who are suffering from the metabolic disorder and were in the patient who has undergone the intestinal bypass surgery.

Calcium phosphate stones also occurs in the patients who are suffering from the disease like renal tubular acidosis.. Due to acidic condition of renal tubules then the absorption and elimination of certain elements imbalances then this imbalances reacts with calcium present in the urine and forms the crystals this leads to the formation of the kidney stone.

Struvite stones :

Struvite stone are formed due to the infection such as urinary tract infection, this type of crystals have a specific character that they form or grow quickly & become quite large.

Uric acid stones :

  • Formation of uric acid stones are seen more commonly in the patients who don’t drink water enough & those who are loosing body
  • On the other hand the patients suffering from the gout disease have a risk of formation of the uric acid stones because the gout disease is related to the uric acid accumulation.
  • The persons who are consuming high protein diet for over longer periods


This type of stones are most commonly observed in the patients that stones formed due to hereditary disorders and the persons who are excreting too much of amino acids (cystinuria).

Size of kidney stones :

  • Kidney stones are large in size from a fraction of an inch to several inches, very small stones sizes about ¼ inch or 2 mm to 3 mm., this small stones can cause little pain and it can easily pass through the ureter without pain.
  • But larger stones can be quite painful and even it may block the flow of urine and cause Urinary tract infections.

Shape of the kidney stones : There is no particular shape to the kidney stones, they may be round or any irregular shape.

Colour : Kidney stone may be smooth or jagged and are usually yellow or brown.

Kidney stone shapes

Most cases of kidney stones are treated with pain medications, fluid therapy or other medical intervention. Also, there are steps people can take to reduce their chances of the forming of another kidney stone.
So, this article explains the dietary ways to prevent kidney stone formation.


WATER: Drinking water the easiest way to prevent and treat kidney stones. Most health authorities found that the people who produced 2-2.5 liters of urine daily were 50% less likely to develop kidney stones than those who produce less urine. So, it takes about 64 ounce or 8 glasses of water daily to produce that amount.
LEMON JUICE: Lemon contains citrate that helps to break down the calcium deposits and slow their growth. Studies have shown that drinking ½ cup of lemon juice concentrate diluted in water each day first on empty stomach in the morning and another few hours before dinner, or the juice of two lemons, can increase citrate and likely prevent the stone formation and stone enlargement.


WHEAT GRASS JUICE: The wheat grass juice contains compound that increase urine production, allowing stones to pass more easily, and decrease the risk of their formation. It also contains antioxidants, which help to rid the urinary tract of minerals and salts. The urinary benefits of wheat grass are best obtained by consuming 2-8 oz of pure extract or juice daily. 
CELERY JUICE OR SEED: Celery contains antioxidants and compounds known to increase urine production. Adding celery seeds to meals on regular basis may reduce the likelihood of developing kidney stones. One or two celery stalks can also be blended with water to create celery juice. Celery juice can be consumed daily to treat kidney stone symptoms.   


BASIL LEAF JUICE: Basil leaf contains compounds which are known to stabilize the uric acid levels, making it harder for kidney stones to form. Also, basil contains the acetic acid, a chemical which is known to help dissolve stones. One teaspoon of basil extract or pure juice per day may help prevent and treat kidney   stones.


APPLE CIDER VINEGAR: Apple cider vinegar which contains citric acid that may help to dissolve the calcium deposits. Two tablespoons of pure apple cider vinegar when mixed with 8 oz of water may reduce the symptoms of kidney stones and prevent their development. This mixture can be drunk several times a day and will be most effective when consumed before meals. Apple cider vinegar, and apple cider vinegar supplements, is even available too.
EXTRA-VIRGIN OLIVE OIL: Extra-virgin olive oil is thick, rich oil that may help ease the passage of kidney stones by lubricating the urinary tract. In the morning and late in the afternoon, ideally at the same time as other herbal or home remedies, may reduce pain and discomfort.
POMEGRANATE JUICE: The pomegranate juice will have the astringent and antioxidant properties which are thought to reduce the chances of developing the kidney stones and ease their passage. Pomegranate juice will also contain the compounds that lower the acidity of urine, making it harder for stones to form. Eating the pomegranate seeds or juicing them is the easiest way to get these health benefits.
REDUCE SODIUM INTAKE: Increased salt intake is linked to an increased risk of kidney stones in few people. A high intake of sodium may increase calcium excretion through urine — which is one of the major risk factors for kidney stones.
INCREASE MAGNESIUM INTAKE: Magnesium is one of the important mineral which many people don’t consume in sufficient amounts. If you want to increase your dietary magnesium intake, avocados, legumes are all good dietary sources. Consume magnesium along with the foods which are high in oxalate. Or else, try to consume the source of magnesium within 12 hours.
 Thanks for Reading…..





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