hodgkin's lymphoma

HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA CANCER (HODGKIN’S  DISEASE) ?

WHAT IS HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA CANCER ?

Hodgkin’s disease…..what is this? Mostly we haven’t about this before …..let us know about this disease. Hodgkin’s disease is a type of lymphoma, the name itself indicates that “Oma” refers to the suffix that indicates the word “Cancer”. It is a type of blood cancer which starts in lymphatic system. As we already know that in our body, lymphatic system helps to fight against foreign bodies and help to get rid  of waste products. Hodgkin’s disease also called as “HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA”.

The definition of cancer indicates that cancer is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of the cells. Here cancer is attacked on lymphocytes so called lymphoma.

 The people who are suffering from Hodgkin’s  disease, the lymphocytes in them grow abnormally and spread beyond the lymphatic system.

As the disease progresses, it makes it more difficult for your body to fight infections. As we came to know about some details about this disease. Let us see the types of the disease.

TYPES OF HODGKIN’S DISEASE/ HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA :-

 Basically it is of two types. Such…..

1) Classic Hodgkin’s  disease

2) Nodular Lymphocytic Predominant Hodgkin’s Lymphoma [NLPHL]

             The type of disease is based on the types of cells involved in the patient’s condition and their behavior.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA:-

           The main cause of this disease is unknown that is it is idiopathic disease. The disease has been linked to DNA mutations as well as to the EPSTEIN-BARR [EBV] which causes mononucleosis. 

AGE:-  Hodgkin’s disease can occur to any age, but it mostly affects people between the age of 15 & 40 and people over age 55.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA?:-

 The most common symptoms are ……………….

swelling of lymph nodes, usually it isn’t painful.

It may forms in the following areas.

           1.On the side of neck

           2.In the armpit.

           3.Around the groin.

Other symptoms are such as:

            1.Night sweats

            2.Itchy skin.

            3.Fever.

            4.Fatigue.

            5.Enlarged spleen.

DIAGNOSIS HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA :-

  1. Physical examination.
  2. Imaging tests -X-rays , CT scans.
  3. Lymph node biopsy [ remove the piece of lymph node to test for presence of abnormal cells.]
  4. Echo cardiogram.
  5. Bone marrow biopsy.
  6. Lung function tests.

STAGES OF HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA:

 After attacked by this disease, we can observe several stages in the disease . Such as:

Stage-1 (early stage):- In  the stage, cancer is found at one region at lymph node. It is found in one only area of a one organ.

Stage-2 (locally advanced disease): Cancer is found at two regions of lymph nodes in this stage. That is at on one side of the diaphragm (or) that cancer was found in one lymph node region as well as nearby organ.

Stage-3:- At this stage, cancer is found  in lymph node regions both above and below the diaphragm.

Stage-4:-(wide spread disease):- It is the last stage where cancer was found outside the lymph nodes and has spread widely to other parts such as bone marrow, liver (or) lung.

TREATMENT:- Treatment can be decided based on the stage of the disease.

Radiation therapy –This treatment is done by using high energy beams which destroys cancer cells. This treatment is helpful to cure early stage of this disease.

Chemotherapy – This treatment is done by using powerful medications either by oral route (or) intravenous route.

Immunotherapy – It is a type of treatment which is used to cure disease by stem cells transplantation to the persons who won’t  respond to radiation and chemotherapy.

RISK FACTORS HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA :-

Treatment for long term can cause side effects and increase risks of…………

Second cancers

Infertility

Infections

Thyroid problems

Lung damage

IS HODGKIN’S DISEASE CAUSES DEATH?

Yes, sometimes it would have death chances. But maximum we can be treated with different treatments. But the treatment depends on the stage of disease. According to survival rates, American cancer society made research on this disease and concluded that……..                                              

Stage-1  –  90% survival rate

Stage-2  –  90% survival rate

Stage-3  –  80% survival rate

Stage-4  –  65% survival rate 

CONCLUSION:-

                    In order to prevent this kind of cancers (or) disease, regularly healthy lifestyle should be maintained. Because there is no other thing in world is valuable than health.

                                         ……..”HEALTH  IS  WEALTH”……

                                                                                         

 

                                                                                                   Prepared by

                                                                                     Stella mercy rani & S. Afiya

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