Define community pharmacy
Community pharmacy is defined as a place where the medicines are stocked and dispensed to the patients on a valid prescription and where legally permitted without a prescription and also offer various professional services that improves the health of the patient.
Define community pharmacist
WHO [WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION] defines community pharmacist as legally qualified ,trained health care professional who act as vital link between the patient and the prescriber. The pharmacist ensures the correct supply of medicines and provides medication usage information both to patients and prescribers and helps in minimizing the drug related problems through clinical pharmacy services.
community pharmacist Roles and responsibilities
- Processing of the prescriptions – Pharmacists are expected to review and check the prescriptions for the legality, appropriateness and potential drug related problems in the prescription .Upon satisfaction with the prescription pharmacists will dispense the prescribed medicines.
- Dispensing – dispensing is, to make up and give out the medicines on a prescription. In early days the pharmacists were engaged in compounding activity, currently the prepacked medicines are available in dosage form in the market thus the compounding and dispensing activity has been obsolete.
- Patient counseling – It is defined as providing the disease related and medication related information in layman language to the patients or patients representative for appropriate use of prescribed medication and controlling the disease symptoms by practicing an appropriate diet and lifestyle modifications as per the individual requirements.
- Drug information services – Drug information is defined as the systematic approach of reviewing various source of published literature, evaluating the published information and providing the suitable answer to the requester. To provide information the pharmacists may use various resources such as primary sources [pre reviewed journals ex- LANCET, BMJ, Annals of pharmacotherapy etc], secondary resources [various databases like IDIS, Micro Medex etc] and tertiary resources such as text books and compendia.
- Health promotion – Pharmacists by their virtue of knowledge and skills will educate individuals to practice healthy habits and lifestyle practices to prevent diseases. Health promotion activities include smoking cessation programs, family planning, vaccination program, about deworming and balanced diet.
- Health screening services – Health screening services is the patient care that is offered by the pharmacists in community pharmacies. It plays an important role in early detection of the chronic diseases and thereby preventing it. It helps in monitoring and managing of chronic diseases like hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, asthma and estimation of blood glucose, blood pressure, cholesterol, BMI etc. This will minimize the disease burden on the individual and also on the society.
- Responding to symptoms of minor ailments – Pharmacists can give basic treatment such as providing OTC drugs when required in the case of minor ailments such as common cold, headache, diarrhea, simple body aches, spasms and sprains, pharmacists will be able to give suitable medications to alleviate the symptoms.
- Consultation to general practitioners – Pharmacists by virtue of their professional liaison, they can guide patients to the general practitioners for suitable management of the medical condition. When required pharmacists will provide the drug information to the doctors, supply emergency drugs to clinics and nursing homes.
Explain the scope of community pharmacy in India.
History of Drug Act reveals that situation on august 1930 in response to public opinion against defective drugs, the Government of India appointed “Drug Enquiry Committee” Col. R.N. Chopra as its chairman . As a result of this committee’s report Government of India passed “The Drug Act” in 1940 to regulate and import, manufacture, distribution, and sale of drugs. The drug rules were formed in1945 to give effect to the provisions of the act. Accordingly Pharmacy qualification is considered as professional qualification for sale of drug products. After Independence, “The Pharmacy Act 1948” was passed with object to regulate the professional of the pharmacy in India. As a part of which, the first Educational Regulation (E.R) was introduced in 1953 by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI). It was after 1st September 1984 the term “REGISTERED PHARMACISTS” came into existence. It is compulsory for a person to have Diploma in Pharmacy [D.PHARM] as a minimum qualification before being called as a pharmacist. In view of promoting indigenous manufacturing, under graduate education B.PHARM was started in India in 1930s. In the era of globalization, the pharmacy practice services provided by Indian community pharmacists are inadequate. Thus, Pharmacy Council of India introduced PHARM.D IN May 2008. In India, community pharmacy is often referred as “Medical &General store”. As per the legal requirement to open a pharmacy, a qualified person or “Registered Pharmacist” is required under section 42 of Drugs & cosmetic Act and all dispensing activities are expected to be carried out in presence of the pharmacist. India has nearly 10 lakhs registered pharmacists with one lakh being added every year. Though the scenario has changed, the basic job performed by the present retail pharmacists is just prescription filling.
- Community Pharmacy practice – Ramesh Adipu (M.Pharm, Ph.D)
- Commnty Pharmacy For New Age Pharmacists- Dr. Atmaram Pawar (Ph.D, R.pH) AND Bijoy Kumar Panda (M.Pharm, R. pH)
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